Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Edison Nation, Inc. and its wholly-owned and majority owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
Preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, together with amounts disclosed in the related notes to the financial statements.
The Company’s significant estimates used in these financial statements include, but are not limited to, accounts receivable reserves, the valuation allowance related to the Company’s deferred tax assets, the recoverability and useful lives of long-lived assets, debt conversion features, stock-based compensation, certain assumptions related to the valuation of the reserved shares and the assets acquired and liabilities assumed related to the Company’s acquisitions. Certain of the Company’s estimates could be affected by external conditions, including those unique to the Company and general economic conditions. It is reasonably possible that these external factors could have an effect on the Company’s estimates and could cause actual results to differ from those estimates.
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform to current year presentation.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company has cash on deposit in several financial institutions which, at times, may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limits. The Company has not experienced losses in such accounts and periodically evaluates the creditworthiness of its financial institutions. The Company reduces its credit risk by placing its cash and cash equivalents with major financial institutions. The Company had approximately $627,000 uninsured cash at September 30, 2019 of which approximately $198,000 was held in foreign bank accounts not covered by FDIC insurance limits as of September 30, 2019.
As of September 30, 2019, the following customers represented more than 10% of total accounts receivable:
Inventory is recorded at the lower of cost or net realizable value on a first-in, first-out basis. The Company reduces the carrying value of inventories for those items that are potentially excess, obsolete, or slow moving based on changes in customer demand, technology developments, or other economic factors.
Generally, the Company considers all revenues as arising from contracts with customers. Revenue is recognized based on the five step process outlined in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606:
Step 1 – Identify the Contract with the Customer – A contract exists when (a) the parties to the contract have approved the contract and are committed to perform their respective obligations, (b) the entity can identify each party’s rights regarding the goods or services to be transferred, (c) the entity can identify the payment terms for the goods or services to be transferred, (d) the contract has commercial substance and it is probable that the entity will collect substantially all of the consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the goods or services that will be transferred to the customer.
Step 2 – Identify Performance Obligations in the Contract – Upon execution of a contract, the Company identifies as performance obligations each promise to transfer to the customer either (a) goods or services that are distinct, or (b) a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer. To the extent a contract includes multiple promised goods or services, the Company must apply judgement to determine whether the goods or services are capable of being distinct within the context of the contract. If these criteria are not met, the goods or services are accounted for as a combined performance obligation.
Step 3 – Determine the Transaction Price – When (or as) a performance obligation is satisfied, the Company shall recognize as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the performance obligation. The contract terms are used to determine the transaction price. Generally, all contracts include fixed consideration. If a contract did include variable consideration, the Company would determine the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price based on expected value method. Variable consideration would be included in the transaction price, if in the Company’s judgement, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract would not occur.
Step 4 – Allocate the Transaction Price – After the transaction price has been determined, the next step is to allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract. If the contract only has one performance obligation, the entire transaction price will be applied to that obligation. If the contract has multiple performance obligations, the transaction price is allocated to the performance obligations based on the relative standalone selling price (SSP) at contract inception.
Step 5 – Satisfaction of the Performance Obligations (and Recognize Revenue) – Revenue is recognized when (or as) goods or services are transferred to a customer. The Company satisfies each of its performance obligations by transferring control of the promised good or service underlying that performance obligation to the customer. Control is the ability to direct the use of, and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from an asset. It includes the ability to prevent other entities from directing the use of, and obtaining the benefits from an asset. Indicators that control has passed to the customer include: a present obligation to pay; physical possession of the asset; legal title; risks and rewards of ownership; and acceptance of the asset(s). Performance obligations can be satisfied at a point in time or over time.
Substantially all of the Company’s revenues continue to be recognized when control of the goods are transferred to the customer, which is upon shipment of the finished goods to the customer. All sales have fixed pricing and there are currently no material variable components included in the Company’s revenue. Additionally, the Company will issue credits for defective merchandise, historically these credits for defective merchandise have not been material. Based on the Company’s analysis of the new revenue standards, revenue recognition from the sale of finished goods to customers, which represents substantially all of the Company’s revenues, was not impacted by the adoption of the new revenue standards.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company’s primary revenue streams include the sale and/or licensing of consumer goods and packaging materials. The Company’s licensing business is not material and has not been separately disaggregated for segment purposes. The disaggregated Company’s revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the following customer represented more than 10% of total net revenues:
* Customer did not represent greater than 10% of total net revenue.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the following geographical regions represented more than 10% of total net revenues:
*Region did not represent greater than 10% of total net revenue.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on the guidance of ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.
ASC 820 defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. ASC 820 describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 — quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2 — quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable
Level 3 — inputs that are unobservable (for example, cash flow modeling inputs based on assumptions)
The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial instruments, such as cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities approximate fair values due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The carrying amount of the Company’s notes payable approximates fair value because the effective yields on these obligations, which include contractual interest rates, taken together with other features such as concurrent issuance of warrants, are comparable to rates of returns for instruments of similar credit risk. The loan held for investment was acquired at fair value, which resulted in a discount.
As of September 30, 2019, the book value and estimated fair value of the Company’s level 3 instruments was as follows:
The following changes in level 3 instruments for the three months ended September 30, 2019 are presented below:
The following changes in level 3 instruments for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 are presented below:
There were no changes to the underlying assumptions used in determining the fair value of the contingent consideration liability for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. There was no contingent consideration as of September 30, 2018.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company uses the United States dollar as its functional and reporting currency since the majority of the Company’s revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities are in the United States. Assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are translated using the exchange rate at the balance sheet date, while revenue and expense accounts are translated at the average exchange rates prevailing during the year. Equity accounts are translated at historical exchange rates. Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions and translation for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 and the cumulative translation gains and losses as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 were not material.
Net Earnings or Loss per Share
Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of vested common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number vested of common shares, plus the net impact of common shares (computed using the treasury stock method), if dilutive, resulting from the exercise of dilutive securities. In periods when losses are reported, the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding excludes common stock equivalents because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. As of September 30, 2018, there were no common stock equivalents outstanding. As of September 30, 2019, the Company excluded the common stock equivalents summarized below, which entitle the holders thereof to ultimately acquire shares of common stock, from its calculation of earnings per share, as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016‑02 (ASU 2016‑02) which amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets and making targeted changes to lessor accounting. This accounting guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. Additionally, this accounting guidance requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after the date of initial application, with an option to use certain transition relief. In July 2018, the FASB issued a practical expedient that would allow entities the option to apply the provisions of the new lease guidance at the effective date of adoption without adjusting the comparative periods presented.
The Company has elected the “package of practical expedients” and as a result is not required to reassess its prior accounting conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs for lease contracts that exist as of the transition date. However, the Company has not elected the use of hindsight for determining the reasonably certain lease term.
The new lease standard also provides practical expedients and policy elections for an entity’s ongoing accounting. The Company has elected the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for all of its leases. The Company has elected the short-term lease recognition exemption, which results in no recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for existing short-term leases at transition.
Upon adoption on January 1, 2019, the Company recognized right of use assets for operating leases and operating lease liabilities that have not previously been recorded. The lease liability for operating leases is based on the net present value of future minimum lease payments. The right of use asset for operating leases is based on the lease liability. The Company did not have any deferred rent or material prepaid rent.
The cumulative effect of initially applying the new lease accounting standard as of January 1, 2019 is as follows:
The adoption of the standard did not result in any material changes to the recognition of operating lease expenses in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations.
In June 2018, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting guidance related to accounting for employee share-based payments which clarifies that an entity should recognize excess tax benefits in the period in which the amount of the deduction is determined. This amendment is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. We have adopted this accounting guidance effective January 1, 2019, with no impact on our financial statements as there were no excess tax benefits to be recognized due to our net operating losses.
In August 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance that addresses the accounting for implementation costs associated with a hosted service. The guidance provides that implementation costs be evaluated for capitalization using the same criteria as that used for internal-use software development costs, with amortization expense being recorded in the same income statement expense line as the hosted service costs and over the expected term of the hosting arrangement. This guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The guidance will be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. We have not yet adopted this accounting guidance and are currently evaluating the effect this accounting guidance will have on our financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance that eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Among the changes, an entity will no longer be required to disclose the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, but will be required to disclose the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. ASU 2018‑13 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019; early adoption is permitted. Since this accounting guidance only revises disclosure requirements, it will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In October 2018, the FASB issued new accounting guidance for Variable Interest Entities, which requires indirect interests held through related parties in common control arrangements be considered on a proportional basis for determining whether fees paid to decision makers and service providers are variable interests. The guidance is effective for the Company’s interim and annual reporting periods during the year ending December 31, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Company currently does not believe that the adoption of this accounting guidance will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date which the financial statements were issued. Based upon such evaluation, except for items described in Note 8 and Note 10, the Company did not identify any recognized or non-recognized subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the financial statements.
The Company uses “the management approach” in determining reportable operating segments. The management approach considers the internal organization and reporting used by the Company’s chief operating decision maker for making operating decisions and assessing performance as the source for determining the Company’s reportable segments. The Company’s chief operating decision maker is the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) of the Company, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. The Company deploys resources on a consolidated level to all brands of the Company and therefore the Company only identifies one reportable operating segment with multiple product offerings.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef